manosphere

NETWORK 3:
Manosphere & AltLite
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The manosphere is a web-based, loosely affiliated network of groups that advocate for the subjugation of women, for male supremacy, and are often touted in mainstream media circles as "modern misogyny." However, the misogyny and patriarchal supremacy that the manosphere the advocates for is far from modern and calls for a return to traditional gender roles, biological and evolutionary essentialism, and the insistence that men are the most oppressed group in society.

 

Groups that are within the manosphere include MGTOW (Men Going Their Own Way), Return of Kings, r/TheRedPill, A Voice for Men, and many others. Manosphere celebrities include Rollo Tomassi, Milo Yiannopoulos, Paul Elam, Roosh V, and many others who often use platforms like YouTube, reddit, and blogs disguised as "lifestyle magazines" to spread their message.

 

Often cited as a "gateway ideology" to more extremist groups like the alt-right due to its deeply misogynistic nature, other men's rights activists are often divided whether or not they fall under the umbrella term "manosphere" or whether they are a part of that larger network. In the manopshere, harassment of women and the degradation of women is encouraged, and broad generalizations of women are the norm ("AWALT" is a term often used to mean "All Women Are Like That").

 

The online ecosystem of misogyny is one that existed far before the labeling of the manosphere, and another group that may or may not necessarily fall under the manosphere label is the Incels (Involuntary Celibates). Many manosphere readings and celebrities emerged from PUA (Pick Up Artist) culture, where "natural" tendencies for women and men are often circulated as psychological tips to seduce women. A main premise of their ideological thread is that women are mentally, physically, and morally inferior to men.

 

The men's rights movement in its current incarnation and its growth into the manosphere began during the rise of feminism in the 1960s and 1970s, and effectively the manosphere is an old movement with a new look.

 

Source: Southern Poverty Law Center

A Return of Kings Post (Image Credit: Houston Chronicle)