AltRight, AltLite, Manosphere, and GamerGate
How to Interact with the Networks
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The alt-right (alternative right) is an umbrella term coined in 2008 by Richard Spencer to identify white supremacist organizations in the United States and beyond. These include neo-Nazi groups, Identity Evropa, AtomWaffen, among others. Richard Spencer is perhaps the most famous alt-right celebrity that is known to people, but others like Andrew Anglin (founder of the neo-Nazi website The Daily Stormer) are also considered to fall under this affiliation.
Characterized by a heavy online presence in the form of forums, memes, as well as chatrooms, the alt-right call themselves such because they see themselves as an alternative to traditional conservatism/right-wing politics. Deeply xenophobic, they are preaching an ideology centered on "white identity", they advocate for white ethnonationalism, against "SJW" (social justice warrior) culture, against globalization, against multiculturalism, and call for a return to "traditional values" regarding gender roles among others.
Intimately connected with American Identitarianism, the alt-right mirrors its European counterparts with a focus on cultural and racial (as well as religious) homogeneity within their nations. These "white identity" white nationalist movements often result in extreme violence - of note are the attacks by Anders Breivik, Dylann Roof, Alessandro -----, and many others. Since the 2016 Election of Donald Trump, the alt-right has been emboldened and the number of violent attacks due to race, religion, and culture has risen.
Because of their incredibly savvy uses of social media to build their movement, the people selected for this network visualization almost all have YouTube channels or other online presences with hundreds of thousands of followers. However, there are a multitude of conflicting opinions on what the various organizations' goals should be. Despite this, they are held together by the common thread of white ethnonationalism, "western values" like Christianity, "white identity", and dreaming of a future where these are achieved.
Source: Southern Poverty Law Center
Richard Spencer (Image credit: AP, Mother Jones)